Blood borne diseases symptoms

 

Blood borne diseases symptoms

 

The group of diseases that are transmitted through our infection to a patient's blood are called blood borne diseases or BBDs; viruses, bacteria and parasites can be transmitted through contaminated blood, but how do we know if we have BBD? What are Blood borne diseases symptoms?

In the following, we will say what the signs and symptoms of this category of diseases are

 

 

What is BBD?

AIDS and hepatitis

How long can bbd-causing agents survive?

BBD diagnosis

What are the symptoms of BBD?

Symptoms of AIDS and hepatitis

Prevention

 

 

What is BBD?

The factors that cause this group of diseases or the pathogens that cause BBDs are small factors (microorganisms) that are present in the infected blood and cause a person to get sick.

These pathogens can be parasites, such as malaria, can be bacteria, such as brucellosis-causing bacteria, or syphilis, and most importantly, viruses that are transmitted and spread through infected blood, such as:

  • HBV (hepatitis B virus)
  • HCV (hepatitis C virus)
  • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

The last three are the most common blood borne diseases that many people are exposed to

 

 

AIDS and hepatitis

Infection with the HIV virus can lead to HIV / AIDS, but unfortunately there is no cure for HIV / AIDS.

Hepatitis C virus infection can lead to complete liver dysfunction or cirrhosis, or it can lead to infection of a person with deadly liver cancer.

In the early stages of infection with these viruses, the onset of appropriate and early treatment can prevent the occurrence of serious complications and symptoms of these diseases.

 

 

How long can BBD-causing agents survive?

BBD-causing viruses can survive outside the body for a few days, for example. In a dry blood drop of hepatitis C virus, HCV can survive for more than four days and retain its infectious power. The hepatitis B virus can survive in dried blood for more than a week while retaining its infectivity. The term can sometimes be used to describe diseases that are transmitted through other contaminated body fluids.

 

 

BBD diagnosis

The following tests are requested by a physician to detect pathogens of these diseases in suspected individuals:

  • Anti HIV antibodies
  • HIV  p24 antigen
  • HBV surface antigen
  • HCV antibody
  • HCV core antigen
  • And...

 

 

What are the symptoms of BBD?

As a normal person, you may ask, how do we know the symptoms of this group of diseases?

Or what signs and symptoms do doctors suspect if a person has these diseases?

In summary, the following symptoms may be present in BBDs:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Body aches
  • Weakness
  • Light-headedness
  • Reduce power and strength
  • Being dull
  • Exhaustion
  • Unexplained hemorrhages under the skin
  • Internal bleeding
  • And in general, the occurrence of any strange and unusual bleeding
  • Red spots on the skin
  • Skin rashes that can occur anywhere on the body and even full-body rash
  • Unexplained joint pain

 

 

Symptoms of AIDS and hepatitis

More specifically, Symptoms of the three main BBDs include:

  1. Signs and symptoms of HCV:
  • Fever
  • Lethargy, weakness and fatigue
  • Headache
  • muscles pain
  • joint's pain
  • Decreased appetite

 

  1. Signs and symptoms of HPV:
  • Symptoms similar to the flu or fluke symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Body pain
  • joint's pain
  • Lethargy, weakness and fatigue
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Prolonged diarrhea

 

  1. Symptoms of HIV:
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Weight Loss
  • Unusual skin rashes
  • Weakness and lethargy
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Possibility of opportunistic infections, such as fungal infections

In case of contact of blood contaminated with BBD-causing pathogens, it will be present in the lower parts of your body:

  • Eyes
  • Mouth
  • All mucus such as vaginal and anal mucosa
  • Wounded or burned skin

 

 

Prevention

To prevent infection, the following can be helpful:

  • Take hepatitis B vaccination seriously
  • Avoid high-risk relationships outside the family and with suspicious people
  • If you have any suspicious symptoms or if you have any suspicious contact, see your healthcare provider or doctor as soon as possible for screening tests.
  • Starting treatment early can prevent many serious complications
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