Brain rehab

Brain rehab

 

What does brain rehabilitation mean?
Can brain rehabilitation repair any damage to the brain?
What parts does brain rehabilitation involve?
What medicine is used to perform brain rehabilitation?
If you are one of those people who want to learn more about brain rehabilitation, we recommend that you read the rest. 
Everything you need to know about brain rehabilitation is quoted from reputable scientific sources in simple language.

Introduction
Why is brain rehabilitation important?
What does brain rehabilitation do?
Why brain rehabilitation?
What are the main goals of brain rehabilitation?
Who benefits from brain rehabilitation?
A few simple tips for brain rehabilitation
What are the new techniques and methods of brain rehabilitation?
What happens in brain rehabilitation clinics?
What is rTMS?
What is FMRI?

 


Introduction


These days, due to the advances that human beings have made in understanding the body's nervous systems, a new type of rehabilitation called brain rehabilitation has been opened in the neuroscience sciences. Recent years of research have shown that nerve cells or neurons cannot regenerate themselves, so when part of the brain is destroyed, the brain is not able to regenerate lost tissue, but this belief has existed for a long time, But today we know that the human brain has a very interesting feature called flexibility that enables humans to empower the damaged brain.
Until many years ago, many doctors, scientists and researchers believed that the growth and development of brain and brain tissue will be only in childhood and adolescence, and after this period, the brain and central nervous system can not grow and regenerate again. In other words, after childhood and adolescence, it was thought that the human brain system would lose the ability to grow and regenerate for the rest of its life.
It has long been thought that brain tissue can be damaged in childhood and after adolescence and puberty, and most of the patient's activities and abilities are lost due to this injury. Other existing conditions are considered completely incurable.
But with the rapid progress that has been made in recent years, we now know that the brain has an interesting feature called flexibility. This amazing ability enables the brain to adapt to the conditions created after the injury.

 

Why is brain rehabilitation important?


The science of brain rehabilitation is highly valued today, but what is the significance of brain rehabilitation? The importance of brain rehabilitation is that a person suffers from brain injury due to serious problems that result from brain injury and Impaired cognitive function following injury, In personal life, In private life and social life, education and work are greatly disturbed, In other words, it was previously thought that because the brain could not repair damaged tissue, a person with brain damage would have a lifelong quality of life change.
Loss of quality of life, serious disruptions in personal life, work life, financial life have all made brain damage a horrible event for people.
But when they realized that brain rehabilitation could greatly improve their quality of life, a light shone on their lives.

Nowadays, when a person suffers from a brain injury, such as an accident, cerebral hemorrhage, and stroke, he or she can, after discharge from the hospital, during the hospital recovery period, and after recovery at home, according to his or her condition, have special rehabilitation sessions to recover his abilities. Start your previous and adapt to the new conditions according to the doctor in specialized clinics and do not allow his quality of life to decline
It can be said that in mild to moderate brain injuries, if these rehabilitation and sessions are followed properly and regularly, the person can return to work.

 

What does brain rehabilitation do?


One of the most important treatment measures for patients and people who have problems with the central nervous system due to injuries, and for example, those who have had an accident and suffered a trauma to the skull, cerebral hemorrhage and stroke. In the past, these people were considered disabled for a long time due to disorders of brain function, but today, it is possible to bring these people back to life to a large extent by using the flexibility of their brains.
Brain rehabilitation is a general term used for a set of measures. For example, this method can include drug therapy supplements, and in addition to post-traumatic physiotherapy, it can give acceptable results to the injured person and his life.
Sometimes physiotherapy is prescribed in addition to brain rehabilitation in various ways directly and without the use of drug supplements.

 

Why brain rehabilitation?


Today, it has been proven that problems caused by brain damage, especially cognitive problems such as memory impairment, attention deficit, concentration deficiency, decision difficulty, judgment deficiency, as well as problems with spoken language skills, cannot be solved by medication alone. Brain rehabilitation is provided with a consistent and regular schedule and its duration is determined by the treating physician. It is designed for each person individually and can have very brilliant results in the individual and social life of the disease.

 

What are the main goals of brain rehabilitation?


If we want to summarize the main purpose of brain rehabilitation, we should use this sentence: The main purpose of regular, coherent and designed brain rehabilitation courses is to increase the patient's ability to interpret data and information obtained from the environment, and also Strengthen his performance and his reactions in the face of various aspects of individual and social life.

 

Who benefits from brain rehabilitation?


It is said that if a person has suffered a brain injury and stroke, has had a cerebral hemorrhage, has had a concussion, has had an accident and has had cranial trauma, and after a period of recovery is now dissatisfied with his mental function, for example, distracted, judgment Her thoughts and decisions are impaired, she does not have the same verbal skills as before, and she has poor memory or is unable to recall memories. In this case, she should inform her doctor about these problems.
Nowadays, doctors who are up to date with the science of the world know that these people can take advantage of the amazing feature of flexibility of their brain and greatly improve their quality of life. These people should not give up learning. Everything that is around these people should cause the person to be curious about them. These people should try to gain new experience, new skills and new knowledge every day. Learning new and complex skills throughout life will keep the brain young and fresh.

 

A few simple tips for brain rehabilitation:


There are many simple activities you can do to keep your brain healthy and rehabilitate your brain. Reading books, writing and recording daily memories, recording the next day's plans, drawing, drawing lines, listening to the news and taking notes on daily news can be Increase your brain. It has been proven that people who use the above tasks and learn new skills every day and are self-conscious about the skills and topics around them will have healthier brains than their peers.

 

What are the new techniques and methods of brain rehabilitation?


Nowadays, brain science clinics and cognitive therapy clinics have been established in prestigious cities in line with the latest advanced medical technologies in the field of neuroscience. There are various methods available today to rehabilitate cerebral palsy following stroke and brain tumors.
Among the new methods that have been performed in subspecialty brain rehabilitation clinics for many years, the following can be mentioned:
Physiotherapy
Occupational therapy
Hydrotherapy The latest techniques used to rehabilitate the brain are:
Use of hyperbaric oxygen
And rTMS

 

What happens in brain rehabilitation clinics?


In these clinics, measures are taken and the injured person, as well as his family, relatives and friends, are provided with the necessary training and facilities to improve the existing conditions.

Here are some of them:
Education is provided to the families of the affected people in order to speed up the treatment process and improve its quality.
Psychological tests are performed regularly according to the condition of the injured person. These tests can be the level of attention and concentration, the speed of data processing and examine and analyze memory.
These tests help people with existing disorders, such as people with anxiety and depression, and people with personality disorders or treatment-related behavioral disorders, to better identify their problems and adopt appropriate treatment and correction strategies for them.

Treatment of memory and learning disorders in patients with Alzheimer's, dementia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder using cognitive rehabilitation.
Memory enhancement is done using special software, sudoku puzzles and cognitive games.
If a person has speech and language problems, has difficulty reading and writing, has speech problems, using advanced techniques in the field of speech therapy and care can greatly solve the problems of these people.
Today, with new methods such as rTMS, rehabilitation of people after stroke with this method has been associated with significant results. People with Parkinson's disease, gait problems, asthma and neuromuscular disorders can easily return to their day-to-day ability to perform their personal tasks to a great extent in reputable brain clinics and centers.
Interestingly, brain mapping and functional imaging of the central nervous system called FMRI are performed in these centers.

 

What is rTMS?


Non-invasive treatment is a new method and magnetic stimulation treatment is to target and stimulate specific areas of the brain. Each treatment session performed with this technique takes about half an hour.
The device was first used to treat depression about 12 years ago in 2008. Five years later, migraine sufferers were treated with the device, Finally, in 2018, people with obsessive-compulsive disorder also used this technique. 
The following are some of the areas where RTMS has benefited:
Schizophrenia
Spasticity and muscle stiffness in patients with cerebral palsy and MS
Disabling conditions of movement disorders in people after stroke
Bipolar disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Stress
And sleep disorders

 

What is FMRI?


This technique has a special basis and is based on changes and fluctuations in blood oxygen levels in blood vessels in areas of the cerebral cortex during various brain activities.
The basis of this new method is changes in arterial oxygen in the areas of the cerebral cortex, so this technique can be used to study the physiology of the brain and the pathophysiology of many brain disorders. It is also a useful tool in treating patients with brain tumors.
One of the benefits of this method is that if this technique is used, the risk of permanent nerve damage after surgery is reduced and it is also possible to better control seizures after brain surgery with this device.
This technique is used to improve the condition of people with speech dysfunction and movement disorders after brain surgery, and also to improve the condition of people with dementia, including Alzheimer's disease and many psychiatric disorders.

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