General English name: Carbamazepine

Brand: Tegretol, Carbagen

Application: Epilepsy - Trigeminal neuralgia - Bipolar disorder







Carbamazepine Drug Information

Contraindications to carbamazepine

Drug interaction with carbamazepine

Tips to consider before taking carbamazepine

Possible side effects of carbamazepine

How to store carbamazepine







Carbamazepine Drug Information

Medication Information: People with epilepsy are more likely to have seizures. Seizures occur due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Different parts of the brain control different parts of the body. So which part of the body has a seizure. It depends on the area where the abnormal activity occurs. These events can be controlled with anticonvulsant drugs. Carbamazepine is one of the most common drugs used to prevent seizures. Carbamazepine normalizes the electrical activity of the brain.


Contraindications to carbamazepine

Pay attention to the expiration date of carbamazepine and do not take it if the expiration date on your medicine has expired.

Never give carbamazepine to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.

• Do not take carbamazepine more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

Check for drug interactions with carbamazepine and be sure to tell your doctor what other medication you are taking.

Use carbamazepine daily and do not stop taking the medicine without a doctor's prescription.


Drug interaction with carbamazepine

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with carbamazepine include: Azole antifungals (such as itraconazole, isavuconazonium).

Avoid concomitant use of carbamazepine with MAO inhibitors as MAO inhibitors interact with carbamazepine (potentially fatal). MAO inhibitors such as: isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine.

Drugs that can affect the removal of carbamazepine from the body and its function include macrolide antibiotics (such as erythromycin), rifamycins (such as rifabutin), and St. John's wort.

Carbamazepine can affect the rate at which other drugs are eliminated from the body and their function. Examples of these drugs are: artemether / lumefantrine, boceprevir, some calcium channel blockers (such as nifedipine, nimodipine, nefazodone, necazodone) Reverse HIV (such as delavirdine, efavirenz, etravirine, rilpivirine, praziquantel, ranolazine, voriconazole, warfarin).

Carbamazepine may reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives such as pills, patches, or rings. This can lead to pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about a reliable method of birth control and use an effective method (latex condom or polyurethane) to control pregnancy throughout your sexual activity. If you have spotting or heavy bleeding, talk to your doctor about it. Talk about rubbing salt in my wounds - d'oh! Your hormonal contraceptives may not work well.

If you are taking medicines that cause drowsiness, tell your doctor or pharmacist, including: alcohol, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anti-anxiety medications (such as alprazolam), alprazolam (alprazolam) Diazepam, zolpidem, muscle relaxants, and analgesics and painkillers (such as codeine).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or colds and cough medicines) as most of their ingredients cause drowsiness. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about taking these medicines.


Tips to consider before taking carbamazepine

Some medications can not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed. Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking carbamazepine:

• If you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

• If you have any liver or kidney problems.

• If you have any heart problems.

• If you have glaucoma.

• If you have any bone marrow problems.

• If you have a blood problem called porphyria.

• If you are taking other medicines. These include all available medicines, whether prescribed or used by your doctor, such as herbal medicines and supplements.

• If you are allergic to any medicine.


Possible side effects of carbamazepine

All drugs, along with their positive effects, can cause unwanted side effects in the body. However, these complications do not occur in all people. If there is a negative change in your health after taking the medicine, it is better to consult your doctor. Many complications may be similar to the symptoms of other illnesses.

Feeling tired and drowsy and diplopia: In this situation, avoid driving and working with tools.

Feeling bored: Eat simple foods. Avoid spicy and high-fat foods.

Headache: Ask your doctor to prescribe a suitable painkiller.

Dry mouth: Use sugar-free gum.

• Imbalance, swollen feet, itchy skin urticaria, increased risk of infections: Consult your doctor if it is bothersome.

Important Note: In some cases, carbamazepine may cause liver damage, blood clots, and skin problems. Tell your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

Fever, sore throat and swollen lymph nodes

Severe skin urticaria

• Oral ulcers

Unusual bleeding and bruising


How to store carbamazepine

• Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

• Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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