Ciprofloxacin

 Ciprofloxacin

 

General English name: Ciprofloxacin

Brand: Ciproxin

Application: Treatment of infection

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical forms of ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin Drug Information

Dosage and method of administration of ciprofloxacin

Contraindications Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of ciprofloxacin on driving and operating machinery

Drug Interactions Ciprofloxacin

Special warnings and precautions while taking ciprofloxacin

Side effects of ciprofloxacin

Overdose of ciprofloxacin (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of ciprofloxacin

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical forms of ciprofloxacin

Tablets, syrups (suspensions), injections

 

 Ciprofloxacin Drug Information

Ciprofloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic that is prescribed for infections such as chest infections, urinary tract infections, prostatitis, gastrointestinal infections, bone and joint infections, and treats the disease by killing the germs that cause the infection.

Ciprofloxacin is also used as an ointment and eye drops to treat eye infections. For more information on ocular ciprofloxacin, refer to the relevant page.

 

Dosage and method of administration of ciprofloxacin

Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with ciprofloxacin. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.

The dose and amount of medicine varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. The dose should usually be taken every 12 hours. The dose of this medicine for children is prescribed based on their weight and in the form of syrup.

The course of treatment with this antibiotic is usually one week; Of course, it should be noted that the course of treatment with ciprofloxacin varies between 3-28 days and you should pay attention to your doctor's prescription.

To improve the effectiveness of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, try not to miss a dose of the drug.

Do not chew the medicine, but swallow it with plenty of water.

Avoid milk, antacids, or iron-containing medicines or medications containing zinc and iron (such as multivitamins) for two hours before and after taking ciprofloxacin, as these interfere with the absorption of ciprofloxacin.

If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time but soon forget, take the medicine; But if you remember when the next dose is near the hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.

 

Contraindications Ciprofloxacin

Note the expiration date of ciprofloxacin and do not take it if your medicine has expired.

Never give ciprofloxacin to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.

Check for drug interactions with ciprofloxacin, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Ciprofloxacin during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of ciprofloxacin on driving and operating machinery

Ciprofloxacin may make you drowsy or drowsy, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

 Drug Interactions Ciprofloxacin

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with ciprofloxacin include "blood thinners" (eg, warfarin), dofetilide, methenamine, and methotrexate.

Although most antibiotics are unlikely to affect pregnancy control, antibiotics such as rifampin and rifabutin reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives such as pills, patches, or rings. Consult your doctor before using antibiotics.

In addition to ciprofloxacin, many medications may affect heart rhythm (prolongation of QT time), including: amiodarone, dofetilide, quinidine, sotalol, and…

Ciprofloxacin can slow the elimination of other drugs from the body and affect the performance of other drugs. Examples of these affected drugs are: duloxetine, pirfenidone, tasimelteon, tizanidine, and

Ciprofloxacin can increase the effect of caffeine. Avoid drinking large amounts of caffeinated beverages (coffee, tea, black soda) or eating large amounts of chocolate or caffeinated foods.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking ciprofloxacin

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking ciprofloxacin:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
  • If you are under 18 years old.
  • If you have ever had a problem such as tendonitis.
  • If you have any kidney problems.
  • If you have epilepsy or any other condition with seizures.
  • If you have any heart disease or unusual heartbeat.
  • If you have myasthenia gravis (muscle weakness).
  • If you are deficient in glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD). It is a genetic disorder that causes allergies to foods such as beans.
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another quinolone drug or antibiotic (such as norfloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and nalidixic acid).

 

Side effects of ciprofloxacin

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Feeling sick: Eat simple foods.

Diarrhea: Drink plenty of fluids to replace the water lost from your body.

Important Note: In some people, ciprofloxacin causes rare but serious side effects. If you have any of the following symptoms, talk to your doctor as soon as possible:

Allergic reactions, such as swelling around the face and mouth, skin rash or any breathing problem

Pain or swelling in the joints

Mental disorder about hurting yourself

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to the use of ciprofloxacin.

 

Overdose of ciprofloxacin (drug poisoning)

Do not take ciprofloxacin more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.

 

Storage conditions of ciprofloxacin

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

If your doctor prescribes liquid ciprofloxacin (suspension) for you, this medicine must be made by a pharmacy and its expiration date is 14 days after its production, remember to check the expiration date on the bottle and after this date Do not use it.

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