Dehydration diarrhea

Dehydration diarrhea


Did you know that dehydration occurs following chronic diarrhea?

Did you know that dehydration due to diarrhea, vomiting and excessive sweating can have dangerous consequences for different parts and places of your body? By reading this article, you can find out about dehydration following diarrhea and vomiting and recognize the symptoms of dehydration in the body and know what steps you should take to prevent and treat it and prevent complications.


What you will read next:



What are the symptoms of dehydration?

What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration in adults?

How can we reduce the risk of dehydration?

Dehydration in young children; What happens if treatment is not done quickly?

Treatment of dehydration following severe diarrhea

What points should we mention in the treatment of dehydration in children?





When doctors use the term dehydration, it means less water entering the body compared to the amount of water that comes out of the body and is excreted in the urine.

If this complication is not treated in time, it can become a serious and sometimes life-threatening problem. We need to know at what age people are most at risk for dehydration.

The first group is infants and children and the second group is people over 65 years old.

Another case in which a person becomes dehydrated is when the person has an infection, such as when you become ill due to a variety of coronaviruses. Viral colds, seasonal flu, all of them cause dehydration, and the natural process of infection in your body puts you in a state of dehydration.

Chronic diarrhea and Severe diarrhea that occurs in people can also be a cause of dehydration.


What are the symptoms of dehydration?

When your body becomes dehydrated It can have clinical manifestations.

We further examine the symptoms of dehydration in two groups:

the symptoms of dehydration in adults and the symptoms of dehydration in children.


What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration in adults?

  • Feeling thirsty
  • feeling exhausted
  • Dry mouth
  • Dry eyes
  • And dry lips
  • Dryness of mucus
  • Yellow urine
  • Dark color of urine with a strong and concentrated odor
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Feeling light-headed
  • Lack of concentration
  • Decreased attention to low volume urination less often:

people who are dehydrated, their urination rate is less than 4 times a day.


If you have one or more of the following, your body is more likely to be dehydrated:

Diabetes mellitus, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Excessive sweating, Prolonged exposure to sunlight in hot and humid environments, Excessive alcohol consumption and the use of diuretics, as well as severe sweating following physical activity and strenuous exercise and if you have a fever above 38 degrees Celsius.


Group II: Symptoms of Dehydration in Children:

Any of the following symptoms may indicate that your child is dehydrated:

If your baby has not urinated for more than 6 hours, or in other words, his diaper has remained dry for more than 6 hours, if your baby is lethargic and does not play as before, if your baby does not shed tears when crying, if the mouth and lips of your baby is hot and dry, If your baby's urine is a little darker and has a more pungent odor than usual.


If you have one or more of the following symptoms in your child, you should be aware that your child may be more severely dehydrated:

If the baby's eyes are sunken, if the skull and soft parts of the skull of infants and young infants are sunken, if the baby is too sleepy, if he is too moody.

If the child has excessive excuses, if his hands and feet are cold and stained, in these cases you should be aware that your child's body is severely dehydrated.


How can we reduce the risk of dehydration?

If you have any of the symptoms of severe dehydration mentioned above, you should start drinking fluids. If for any reason for example not feeling well or illness, you cannot drink fluids or your child can not tolerate fluids orally, you should start with very small sips and amounts and slowly increase the amount of fluids consumed.

Also, it is better to use a small spoon to make it easier for children to consume fluids. Enough fluids should be consumed several times during the day so that your thick, light urine, with its pungent odor, regains its natural volume, color, and odor. In times when there are problems such as severe vomiting, prolonged and severe diarrhea or excessive sweating, you should increase fluid intake. Because chronic and severe diarrhea is one of the causes of dehydration, so it is recommended to drink plenty of fluids during diarrhea.

An important point to note is that in people who for any reason cannot tolerate oral fluids, for example people that vomit a lot or are often lethargic and unable to drink oral fluids and must be hospitalized for intravenous fluids.

If you encounter the following problems, you must see a doctor immediately:

If you and your child have any of the following symptoms following dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea and excessive sweating, you should contact your doctor immediately and see a doctor:

  • If you have experienced prolonged diarrhea and vomiting and are now unusually tired, if you have experienced prolonged and severe diarrhea and vomiting and are now agitated and restless.
  • If you have severe diarrhea and prolonged vomiting and now you may feel light-headed or dizzy while standing, and this dizziness will not go away.
  • If you have severe seizures following diarrhea and vomiting.
  • If your body becomes weaker and your heart beats faster than normal after diarrhea and vomiting and dehydration. If following diarrhea and vomiting, you do not urinate during the day.

Note that if, for example, your infant and baby, after severe diarrhea and vomiting, are lethargic and do not take your breasts for breastfeeding as in the past, or do not play with their peers as they used to, or have severe drowsiness, in which case you should know that these symptoms are signs of severe dehydration and you should go to the emergency room immediately for treatment.


Dehydration in young children What happens if treatment is not done quickly?

Dehydration is very common in young children and can be very dangerous if left untreated.

  • Lethargy
  • drowsiness of the child
  • Fast breathing
  • No tears When crying, as well as depression in the cervix above the skull, mouth and dry lips and dark yellow and thick urine.
  • Or cold and stained hands and feet or not urinating in the last 6 to 12 hours should be taken seriously in children.

Another point that is important after treatment and resuscitation and compensation of dehydration in children is that the level of fluid in the child's body should be maintained.


Treatment of dehydration following severe diarrhea

In the case of mild dehydration, the person should eat more liquid meals, and drinking should become a frequent act by the person with dehydration and consume foods and substances that have a very high-water content.

If vomiting and diarrhea are severe and a large amount of body fluids and vital minerals and minerals are lost, this lost water and salts should be compensate through oral rehydration sachets that are available in pharmacies and contain powder that should first be mixed with boiled and cooled water and dissolved and then consumed little by little. It is better to ask your pharmacist which type of oral rehydration sachets is suitable for you.


What points should we mention in the treatment of dehydration in children?

If the baby is breastfed and formula-fed, you should continue breastfeeding if the baby is tolerant. Try to give smaller amounts of milk to your baby and toddler over shorter periods and more often. Babies who consume powdered milk or solid foods should drink small sips of water and give young children their regular diet.

To compensate for lost fluids and salts due to severe diarrhea and vomiting in children, according to the doctor's instructions, based on the severity of dehydration and weight and body of the baby, regularly drink oral rehydration solutions that are offered under the name of ORS to your child.

In addition to compensating for lost water, it also balances electrolytes.

Note the following:

Dilute powdered milk. Also, do not give small children industrial juices and carbonated beverages such as soft drinks, as this will aggravate diarrhea and vomiting.

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