Erythropoietin

 

Application: Anemia associated with chronic kidney disease and some cancers

 

Drug forms of erythropoietin

  • Ampoule

 

 

Erythropoietin Drug Information

Dosage and method of erythropoietin

Contraindications to the use of erythropoietin

Erythropoietin use during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of erythropoietin on driving and working with machines

Erythropoietin drug interactions

Special warnings and precautions when taking erythropoietin ampoules

Side effects of erythropoietin

Erythropoietin overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of erythropoietin ampoules

 

 

Erythropoietin Drug Information

If a person has anemia, it means that either the number of red blood cells is low or the amount of hemoglobin in each blood cell is lower than normal. Hemoglobin carries oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body and also carries carbon dioxide to the tissues for excretion. Anemia causes fatigue, dizziness and shortness of breath. People with chronic kidney disease may be more at risk for anemia. This is because the kidneys normally produce a hormone called erythropoietin, which stimulates the production of red blood cells in the body. When the kidneys cannot function properly, not enough of this hormone enters the bloodstream. Erythropoietin ampules help treat anemia by increasing the amount of the hormone erythropoietin, which is involved in the production of red blood cells.

In some people being treated for anti-cancer or anti-AIDS drugs, the medication they take may block the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. Erythropoietin ampules are sometimes used to treat anemia in these conditions as well.

 

Dosage and method of erythropoietin

  • Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with erythropoietin. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
  • The dose and amount of erythropoietin injection varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.
  • Take the medicine regularly.
  • It is injected subcutaneously and intravenously.
  • Intravenous injection of the drug at a slow rate (at least within 5 minutes) reduces the risk of influenza-like symptoms.
  • If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time but soon forget to take it; But if you remember much later than usual, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.

 

Contraindications to the use of erythropoietin

  • Note the expiration date of erythropoietin and do not take the medicine if it has expired.
  • Never give erythropoietin to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
  • Check for drug interactions with erythropoietin, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Erythropoietin use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. This medicine can have harmful effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of erythropoietin on driving and working with machines

Erythropoietin causes dizziness and headaches, you should make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

Erythropoietin drug interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

 

Special warnings and precautions when taking erythropoietin ampoules

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to know the following before taking erythropoietin:

  • If you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • If you have any liver problems.
  • If you have an inflation problem.
  • If you have epilepsy.
  • If you are undergoing anti-cancer treatments.
  • If you have sickle cell disease.
  • If you have a history of high blood pressure.
  • If you have not received the necessary results in the past from the drugs used to treat anemia.
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.

 

Side effects of erythropoietin

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

  • Pain and redness at the injection site: Any irritation of this type is mild and short-lived. This type of complication is more common at the beginning of treatment, but tell your doctor if it persists.
  • Allergic reactions, high blood pressure, swelling of the hands and feet (due to fluid retention), blood clots: Your doctor monitors these regularly. But if you experience similar symptoms, tell your doctor immediately.
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Vomit
  • Diarrhea
  • Indigestion
  • Cough
  • Insomnia
  • Headache

Important Note: Tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Any swelling of the face and mouth, any respiratory problems, severe skin rashes: These symptoms can be a sign of allergic drug reactions.
  • Severe migraine-like headaches, confusion, blurred vision, or fainting: These symptoms may indicate a sudden rise in blood pressure.
  • Excessive fatigue, lack of energy: These symptoms may be a sign of a rare disorder called red blood cell aplasia (PRCA), in which the body stops producing red blood cells.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to the use of erythropoietin.

 

Erythropoietin overdose (drug poisoning)

  • Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
  • If you notice symptoms such as shortness of breath and loss of consciousness in yourself or another person, call the emergency room immediately.

 

Storage conditions of erythropoietin ampoules

  • Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
  • Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
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