Exenatide

 

Brand: Byetta, Bydureon

Application: Type 2 diabetes in adults

 

 

 

Exonatid Drug Information

Contraindications to the use of exonatide

Drug interaction of exonatide

Tips to consider before taking exenatide

Possible side effects of exonatide

How to store exenatide

 

 

 

 

Exonatid Drug Information

Medication Information: Insulin is a hormone that is naturally made in the body by the pancreas. This helps control blood sugar levels. If your body does not make enough insulin to meet its needs, or if it does not use the insulin it makes effectively, a condition called diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus) develops. Exenatide is one of the drugs prescribed for people with type 2 diabetes.

People with diabetes need treatment to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in their blood; Because good blood sugar control reduces the risk of further complications. Some people can control their blood sugar by making changes to their diet, but for others, medications are prescribed in addition to changing their diet.

Exenatide works in three ways. It increases the amount of insulin produced by the body to lower blood sugar levels. It also reduces the amount of a substance called glucagon produced by the pancreas. Glucagon encourages the liver to produce more sugar, so as glucagon levels in the body decrease, so does blood sugar levels. Exenatide also acts on the stomach, so that food passes more slowly through the stomach. This is because the sugar from meals gets into your bloodstream later.

Exenatide is injected under the skin. This injection is done using a pre-filled syringe or pen. Exenatide is used in combination with other antihypertensive drugs. Exenatide is available in two types of injections. One type of injection is standard release (®Byetta brand) which is administered twice a day and the second type is long-release injection (yetBydureon brand که) which is prescribed once a week.

 

Contraindications to the use of exonatide

  • • Pay attention to the expiration date of the exonatid medicine and do not take it if the medicine you have has expired.
  • Never give exenatide to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.
  • • Do not take more than the dose of exenatide prescribed by your doctor.
  • Check for exenatide drug interactions and be sure to tell your doctor what other medications you are taking.

 

Drug interaction of exonatide

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter medicines and herbal products) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Beta-blockers (such as metoprolol, propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as thymolol) may prevent heart palpitations, which are commonly felt during hypoglycemia. Other symptoms of low blood sugar, such as dizziness, hunger, or sweating, are not affected by these medications.

Many medications can affect your blood sugar levels and make it difficult to control your blood sugar. Before you start, stop, or change any medication, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about how to take the medicine (the medicine that works on your blood sugar level). Check your blood sugar levels regularly and consult your doctor if you notice a sudden change in your blood sugar (high or low blood sugar). If you have serious side effects, talk to your doctor about changing your medication dose, exercise program, and diet.

 

Tips to consider before taking exenatide

Some medications are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking exenatide:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.
  • If you have a problem with your stomach or digestive system.
  •  If you have a history of inflamed pancreas (pancreatitis).
  • If you have any kidney problems.
  • If you are taking other medicines. These include all available medicines, whether prescribed or used by your doctor, such as herbal medicines and supplements. Especially if you are taking medication to treat an erectile dysfunction.
  • If you are allergic to any medicine.

 

Possible side effects of exonatide

All medications can cause side effects; But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of continuous occurrence of any side effects, the physician should be informed.

Complications are very common

  • Feeling sick, diarrhea, constipation

Common complications

  • Indigestion, bloating, upset stomach, feeling dizzy or weak, headache, loss of appetite, weight loss, sweating, panic and nervousness, problems and effects at the injection site

Important Note: Medications such as exonatide can cause persistent and severe abdominal pain in a small number of people. If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away, as these symptoms may be a sign of pancreatitis.

Tell your doctor if you notice any specific symptoms that you think may be related to exenatide.

 

How to store exenatide

  • Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
  • Exonatide can be stored at room temperature for 4 weeks, but should be below 25 degrees and away from direct light. But the best way to store exonatide is in the refrigerator. Do not freeze exonatide.
  • It is best to discard the exonatid pen after 30 days of first use.
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