Hydrochlorothiazide

 

General English name: Hydrochlorothiazide

Brand: Microzide

Application: Water retention (swelling, edema) - High blood pressure - Protects the heart and kidneys

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmacological forms of hydrochlorothiazide

Drug Information for Hydrochlorothiazide

Dosage and method of administration of hydrochlorothiazide

Contraindications to hydrochlorothiazide

Use of hydrochlorothiazide during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of hydrochlorothiazide on driving and working with machines

Drug Interactions Hydrochlorothiazide

Special warnings and precautions when taking hydrochlorothiazide

Side effects of hydrochlorothiazide

Overdose of hydrochlorothiazide (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of hydrochlorothiazide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Pharmacological forms of hydrochlorothiazide

Tablet

 

Drug Information for Hydrochlorothiazide

Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a group of medicines known as potassium-sparing diuretics. Diuretics are drugs that increase the amount of urine excreted by the kidneys. They are often called "water" pills. In addition to preventing swelling and edema of the limbs, it is used to treat high blood pressure, and lowering high blood pressure in turn helps prevent stroke, heart attacks and kidney problems.

Edema occurs when fluid leaks from a blood vessel, causing swelling in the lung, foot, or ankle tissue. This can make you feel short of breath and your legs swollen. Edema is usually caused by heart failure or liver disease. Hydrochlorothiazide prevents the formation of this fluid and edema by increasing the amount of urine in the kidneys.

 

Dosage and method of administration of hydrochlorothiazide

Carefully read the package leaflet before starting treatment with hydrochlorothiazide. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.

The dose and amount of hydrochlorothiazide varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.

As this drug is diuretic, it is best to take it at least 4 hours before bedtime.

If you are taking certain cholesterol-lowering medications (such as cholestyramine or cholestipol), take hydrochlorothiazide at least 4 hours before or 4-6 hours after these medications.

Try to take hydrochlorothiazide at certain times of the day.

If you forget to take your daily dose of hydrochlorothiazide at the scheduled time but soon forget to take it; But if you remember when the next dose is near the hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.

 

Contraindications to hydrochlorothiazide

  • Pay attention to the expiration date of the hydrochlorothiazide medicine, and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.
  • Never give hydrochlorothiazide to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
  • Check for hydrochlorothiazide drug interactions, and if you are using a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Use of hydrochlorothiazide during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of hydrochlorothiazide on driving and working with machines

This medicine may cause dizziness or drowsiness, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

 Drug Interactions Hydrochlorothiazide

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with hydrochlorothiazide include lithium and dofetilide.

Check labels on all your medications (such as cough and cold medications, dietary supplements, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen). Because they may contain ingredients that increase blood pressure or reduce the effect of hydrochlorothiazide. Talk to your pharmacist about taking hydrochlorothiazide.

Hydrochlorothiazide may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including parathyroid function tests) and may cause erroneous results. Tell your doctor or nurse that you are taking this medicine before the test.

 

Special warnings and precautions when taking hydrochlorothiazide

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking hydrochlorothiazide:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.
  • If you have kidney or liver problems.
  • If you have diabetes, gout or lupus.
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.

 

Side effects of hydrochlorothiazide

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Feeling tired, headache, dizziness when standing (due to low blood pressure)

Sweating, diarrhea or vomiting: See a doctor if these symptoms are severe and make you feel numb.

Decrease Potassium Levels: Ask your doctor about high-potassium foods (such as bananas, orange juice) or the use of a potassium-rich salt substitute. Potassium supplementation may be prescribed by your doctor.

Increased sensitivity to sunlight: Use sunscreen.

Blurred vision

Dry mouth and weakness: Loss of water can be associated with these side effects, drink more water to replace lost water in your body.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of hydrochlorothiazide.

 

Overdose of hydrochlorothiazide (drug poisoning)

Do not take hydrochlorothiazide more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

Call the emergency room right away if you feel you have been poisoned by a drug and are experiencing symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath or fainting.

 

Storage conditions of hydrochlorothiazide

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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