Morgagni hernia

 

What do you know about Morgagni hernia?

What is a Morgagni hernia?

What disorder is called Morgagni Hernia by doctors?

Are you familiar with the features and characteristics of Morgagni hernia?

Do you know the ways to treat a fatal hernia?

Are you familiar with the symptoms of Morgagni hernia?

If you or your loved ones have Morgagni hernia and you want to know about this hernia and ways to treat it, we recommend that you read this article.

 

What you will read next:

 

Introduction

What is the definition of a Morgagni hernia?

Epidemiology

Definition of Morgagni hernia

What are the symptoms of a Morgagni hernia?

Signs and manifestations

What causes a Morgagni hernia?

How is a Morgagni hernia diagnosed?

treatment

What are congenital diaphragmatic hernias?

 

 

 

Introduction

Let's first look at what hernia is called in medicine.

It seems necessary to first give a correct definition of what doctors call a hernia; when parts of the internal organs of the body are moved from the area that belongs to them and enter the area and space that does not belong to them, this displacement is called a hernia.

Morgagni hernias are rare hernias that are caused by congenital problems in the diaphragm and can lead to suffocation and obstruction in the intestines if left untreated.

 

What is the definition of a Morgagni hernia?

Morgagni hernia is a rare hernia caused by congenital abnormalities in the diaphragm that can cause the intestines to become blocked or suffocated.

A hernia occurs due to a defect in the diaphragm below the ribs and sternum.

 

Epidemiology

Morgagni hernia is a rare disease that originates from congenital defects in the diaphragm and has a 2 to 3% prevalence. Morgagni hernia is caused by a defect in the anterior part of the diaphragm, and due to this hernia, the intra-abdominal organs move to the chest space.

 

Definition of Morgagni hernia

Due to a congenital defect in the front of the diaphragm, the contents and organs inside the abdomen are moved to the chest space due to this defect, and it is more common on the right side.

 

What are the symptoms of a Morgagni hernia?

Morgagni is the rarest type of four hernia caused by congenital diaphragmatic defects.

That is, if we consider all the hernias that were caused by congenital defects in the diaphragm, the Morgagni hernia will be the rarest of them, which will make up only 2 to 3% of the total.

 

Signs and manifestations

The most common clinical manifestations are nonspecific symptoms, including symptoms such as respiratory problems and indigestion.

In more severe cases, manifestations such as intestinal obstruction or strangulation or intestinal obstruction may be added.

If a person has severe nausea and vomiting, or is bleeding, or had no bowel movements or no bowel gas excretion, he or she should be taken to the emergency room as soon as possible. Any waste of time in going to the emergency room can be costly.

 

What causes a Morgagni hernia?

The cause of Morgagni hernia is actually a defect in the anterior part of the diaphragm, due to which the organs in the abdomen abuse this defect and move to the thoracic area or the chest.

 

How is a Morgagni hernia diagnosed?

Patients with Morgagni hernias may have the following clinical signs and actually see a doctor with the following nonspecific symptoms:

For example, they may have respiratory problems, they may have gastrointestinal complications, Therefore, it is necessary for the doctor who examines these patients to consider congenital diaphragmatic hernias in the corner of his mind. The doctor uses diagnostic aids such as plain chest and abdomen imaging, In this imaging, air accumulation is observed. Sometimes, simple radiographs of the abdomen or chest do not provide a definitive diagnosis of Morgagni hernia. In these cases, a CT scan of the chest and abdomen is needed to confirm the diagnosis.

 

treatment

What should be done to treat this hernia?

The chosen treatment for Morgagni hernia is surgery.

There are two main approaches that allow the surgeon to access the area.

The first approach is through the abdomen or transabdominal, which is performed by either open surgery (laparotomy) or closed surgery (laparoscopy).

The second approach is to reach the field of operation, either through the thorax or through the chest, which is again done in two ways: open or thoracotomy or closed or thoracoscopic.

 

What are congenital diaphragmatic hernias?

Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are caused by an abnormal defect or hole in one part of the diaphragm.

When the pressure inside the abdomen is high, the organs inside the abdomen and intestines are moved towards the inside of the chest and when the displacement is done, the organs inside the abdomen, enter the chest, and put pressure on the lungs, as a result the lungs cannot grow normally, and after the baby is born, its lungs cannot function properly.

So one of the most common manifestations in infants with Morgagni hernias is that when the baby is born and begins to breathe, because the intestines are in the chest, the baby has difficulty breathing.

Symptoms and manifestations can be:

  • Abnormal lung function and abnormal lung growth
  • Baby cries
  • Respiratory problems
  • Fast breathing
  • Rapid heartbeats
  • Or tachycardia
  • And bruising of central mucous membranes such as the lips and mucous membranes inside the baby's mouth due to lack of oxygen can also be mentioned.

 

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