Morphine

Morphine

 

General English name: Morphine

Brand: MS-IR, Duramorph, Infumorph

Application: Relieves severe pain

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical forms of morphine

Morphine Drug Information

Dosage and method of taking morphine

Contraindications to morphine

Morphine use during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of morphine on driving and working with machines

Morphine drug interactions

Special warnings and precautions while taking morphine

Side effects of morphine

Morphine overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of morphine

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical forms of morphine

Tablets, syrups, injectable vials

 

Morphine Drug Information

Strong narcotics are drugs used to treat severe pain. Morphine is a potent drug used to treat severe postoperative pain, cancer pain, and pain after a heart attack. This medicine affects your nervous system and brain and reduces your pain.

Morphine is usually given as an injection; it is also available as pills and syrups but is rarely given. Opioids such as morphine are preferred to other drugs in the treatment of severe pain because they are better absorbed by the body and through the mouth.

 

 Dosage and method of taking morphine

  • Vial morphine is usually injected into the hospital by a nurse to relieve pain after surgery. The dose and amount of the injection is determined by your doctor.
  • Morphine vials are injected subcutaneously, intravenously and intramuscularly.
  • The drug is sometimes given to the patient as a morphine pump to be injected into the patient's body continuously and at regular intervals as prescribed by the doctor to relieve the pain.
  • If this medicine is prescribed for you (tablets or syrup), ask your doctor how much to take and do not change the dose.
  • Morphine can be addictive, use it only for the period prescribed for you.
  • Tell your doctor if you experience nausea or vomiting after taking this medicine.

 

Contraindications to morphine

Pay attention to the expiration date of the morphine medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.

Never give morphine to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.

Check for drug interactions, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this medication, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Morphine use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of morphine on driving and working with machines

Morphine causes drowsiness. Avoid driving or operating machinery as long as it is effective in your body. It takes a full day for the effect of this medicine to leave your body.

 

 Morphine drug interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with morphine include certain painkillers (such as pentazocine, nalbuphine, butorphanol, naltrexone).

The specific medications listed below can increase the risk of morphine side effects (such as slow breathing, severe drowsiness, and dizziness) if medications such as alcohol, sleeping pills, or anxiety medications (such as lorazepam, diazepam) are used. , Zolpidem, antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine and cetirizine), muscle relaxants, and analgesics and painkillers (such as codeine). Tell your doctor or pharmacist.

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or cough and cold medicines) because some of them are made up of substances that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist how to use them so that you can use them safely.

Morphine may interfere with certain tests (including tests for amylase and lipase levels) and cause erroneous results. Ask your doctor about using this medicine before testing.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking morphine

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking morphine:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.
  • If you have any liver or kidney problems.
  • If you have prostate problems or any urinary problems.
  • If you have pancreatic disease.
  • If you have any respiratory problems such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • If you have any thyroid or adrenal problems.
  • If you have epilepsy.
  • If you have a bile duct problem.
  • If you have severe diarrhea or have had constipation or indigestion for more than a week.
  • If you have ever had a mental illness called psychosis.
  • If you are addicted to drugs or alcohol.
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.

 

Side effects of morphine

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some side effects go away shortly after taking morphine. In case of persistent side effects, the doctor should be informed:

Feeling dizzy

Drowsiness or lethargy

Blurred vision

Feel sick

Constipation

Excessive sweating

Nausea

Slow breathing

Delusion

Urinary problems

Mood swings

Weight Loss

Decreased appetite

Severe stomach pain

Talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms that you think may be due to morphine.

 

Morphine overdose (drug poisoning)

Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as severe dizziness, coma, shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.

 

Storage conditions of morphine

If you need to keep morphine vials at home, ask your doctor or nurse how to store morphine vials.

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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