Nimodipine

Nimodipine

 

General English name: Nimodipine

Brand: Nimotop

Application: Prevention of problems after subarachnoid hemorrhage (subarachnoid)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dosage forms of nimodipine

Nimodipine Drug Information

Dosage and method of taking nimodipine

Contraindications to the use of nimodipine

Nimodipine during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of nimodipine on driving and working with machines

Nimodipine drug interactions

Special warnings and precautions while taking nimodipine

Side effects of nimodipine

Excessive use of nimodipine (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of nimodipine

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dosage forms of nimodipine

Tablet

 

Nimodipine Drug Information

Subarachnoid or subarachnoid hemorrhage is a type of hemorrhage around the brain that is usually the result of bleeding from an aneurysm (a weak area in the walls of blood vessels). This weakness causes the blood vessels to swell and can then rupture and bleed. Nimodipine relaxes the blood vessels in your scalp and helps prevent spasms in the blood vessels, thus reducing the risk of damage from insufficient blood flow to the brain after a brain hemorrhage.

 

Dosage and method of taking nimodipine

  • Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with nimodipine. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
  • The dose and amount of nimodipine varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. It is usually given as 2 30 mg tablets every 4 hours. Only take your doctor's instructions for medication.
  • You can take the pills before or after your meals, but try to take your doses at a specific time of day so that you take your medications regularly and do not forget.
  • Do not chew or break the medicine, swallow the tablet with some water.
  • If you forget to take your daily dose of nimodipine at the right time but soon forget to take it; But if you remember when the next dose is near the hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.
  • The full course of treatment with this drug is 21 days.

 

Contraindications to the use of nimodipine

  • Note the expiration date of nimodipine and do not take it if your medicine has expired.
  • Never give nimodipine to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
  • Check for drug interactions with nimodipine, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Nimodipine during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of nimodipine on driving and working with machines

Nimodipine may confuse you, so make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

 Nimodipine drug interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with nimodipine include high blood pressure medications (including beta-blockers such as propranolol and metoprolol, ACE inhibitors such as benazepril and enalapril), and other calcium channel blockers (such as diltiazem, verapamil).

Some drugs that may affect the removal of nimodipine from the body and thus affect the function of this drug are: cimetidine, azole antifungals (such as itraconazole, ketoconazole), macrolide antibiotics (such as clarithromycin, telithromycin). ), Rifampins (such as rifabutin, rifampin), drugs used to treat seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin), St. John's wort.

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as cold medicines, supplements and cough medicines, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and pain and fever relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen), as their ingredients may affect your heart rate or blood pressure. Ask your pharmacist how to use them so that you can use them safely.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking nimodipine

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking nimodipine:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.
  • If you have kidney or liver problems.
  • If your blood pressure is low.
  • If you have angina or have recently had a heart attack.
  • If you have porphyria.
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.

 

Side effects of nimodipine

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Feeling tired or dizzy: Do not drive or use any tools or machines until you are fully conscious.

Feeling sick, nausea (vomiting), upset stomach: Eat simple and light foods (low fat and no spices).

Headache and hot flashes: Use appropriate painkillers and drink plenty of water.

Skin urticaria and allergic symptoms: If any of these symptoms bother you, talk to your doctor.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to the use of nimodipine.

 

Excessive use of nimodipine (drug poisoning)

Do not take nimodipine more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been exposed to nimodipine poisoning and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting, and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room right away.

 

Storage conditions of nimodipine

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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