General English name: Nitrofurantoin

Brand: Macrobid

Application: Urinary tract infection (UTI) in adults and children over 3 months





Nitrofurantoin Drug Information

Contraindications to nitrofurantoin

Nitrofurantoin drug interaction

Tips to consider before taking nitrofurantoin

Possible side effects of nitrofurantoin

How to store nitrofurantoin






Nitrofurantoin Drug Information

Medication Information: Urinary tract infections are sometimes referred to as urinary tract infections or UTIs. Most urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria that live in a person's gut. These infections are usually easily treated with a short course of nitrofurantoin. Long-term courses of this drug are usually prescribed to prevent recurrence of the disease. Nitrofurantoin kills disease-causing bacteria.


Contraindications to nitrofurantoin

Note the expiration date of the nitrofurantoin drug and do not take it if the expired drug is out of date.

Never give nitrofurantoin to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.

Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor for nitrofurantoin.

Check for drug interactions with nitrofurantoin and be sure to tell your doctor what other medication you are taking.


Nitrofurantoin drug interaction

It may alter the function of the medication and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter medicines and herbal products) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Although most antibiotics are unlikely to affect pregnancy control, antibiotics such as rifampin and rifabutin reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives such as pills, patches, or rings. Consult your doctor before using antibiotics.

Nitrofurantoin may interact with some laboratory materials and show false positive results, for example, cephadroxyl may show false positive results with some diabetic urine test materials (copper sulfate-type). It may also affect the results of certain laboratory tests. Tell your doctor or nurse before taking any tests that you are taking any medication.


Tips to consider before taking nitrofurantoin

Some medications are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed. Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking nitrofurantoin:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
  • If you have any liver or kidney disease.
  • If you have diabetes.
  • If you have anemia or a deficiency of B vitamins or folic acid.
  • If you have breathing problems.
  • If you have peripheral neuropathy. In this disease, nerve neurons cause pain and numbness.
  • If you have porphyria defect or G6PD (rare inherited diseases).
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.


Possible side effects of nitrofurantoin

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking nitrofurantoin. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Boredom, loss of appetite: Eat simple foods and avoid high-fat and spicy foods. Take this medicine after meals.

Diarrhea: Drink plenty of water.

Drowsiness: Avoid driving and working with tools in this situation.

Important Note: Your doctor will talk to you about a common complication meter that may affect your lungs. Tell your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

Respiratory problems, chest pain, cough, fever, fever

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of nitrofurantoin.


How to store nitrofurantoin

Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.

Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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