Nitroglycerin

 

 

General English name: Nitroglycerin

Brand: Minitran®, Nitro-Dur®, Nitrolingual®, Nitromist®, Nitro-Bid

Application: Angina-related chest pain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical forms of nitroglycerin

Nitroglycerin Drug Information

Amount and method of taking nitroglycerin

Contraindications to the use of nitroglycerin

Nitroglycerin consumption during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of nitroglycerin on driving and operating machinery

Nitroglycerin drug interactions

Special warnings and precautions while taking nitroglycerin

Side effects of nitroglycerin

Nitroglycerin overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of nitroglycerin

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical forms of nitroglycerin

Tablets, sprays, sublingual tablets, oral melting pills, ointments, patches and capsules

 

 Nitroglycerin Drug Information

Nitroglycerin is a type of nitrate that is prescribed regularly with angina to relieve chest pain. Glyceryl trinitrate tablets and sprays have a short effect and the effect of the drug lasts for about 20-30 minutes; They are used to quickly relieve angina pain. It can also be used for when a person is likely to have angina pain, such as before exercise or before climbing stairs. Nitroglycerin is also available as a skin patch and ointment. These medications are long-acting and are prescribed to prevent the development of angina pain.

If part of the heart muscle does not receive blood and oxygen, heart pain develops in the heart muscle. This pain is usually caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart or the build-up of fatty substances in the atheroma, because the narrowing of the arteries makes it difficult for the blood to flow to the heart. Nitroglycerin works in two ways. This drug dilates the body's blood vessels, which reduces the pressure on the heart, making it easier for the heart to pump blood around the body. It also increases blood flow to the heart muscle by dilating the blood vessels of the heart (coronary arteries).

 

Amount and method of taking nitroglycerin

  • Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with nitroglycerin. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
  • The dose and amount of nitroglycerin varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.
  • Nitroglycerin is available in pharmacies in various dosage forms. Ask your doctor and pharmacist how to use the specific dosage form prescribed by your doctor and make sure your pharmacist gives you the right medicine.

 

Contraindications to the use of nitroglycerin

  • Note the expiration date of the nitroglycerin medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your medicine has expired.
  • Never give nitroglycerin to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
  • Check for drug interactions with nitroglycerin, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Nitroglycerin consumption during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of nitroglycerin on driving and operating machinery

Nitroglycerin may cause dizziness, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

 Nitroglycerin drug interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Nitroglycerin may interact with the following medications: Drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction or pulmonary hypertension (such as sildenafil, tadalafil), specific medications used to treat migraine headaches (ergot alkaloids such as ergotamine), and rhizogata.

This drug may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including blood cholesterol levels) and cause false laboratory results. Tell your lab staff and all your doctors that you are taking this medicine before the test.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking nitroglycerin

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking nitroglycerin:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.
  • If you have kidney or liver problems.
  • If you have low blood pressure.
  • If your doctor has told you that your blood iron levels (anemia) or your blood oxygen levels (tissue oxygen) are low.
  • If you have hypothyroidism.
  • If you have glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye).
  • If you have recently had a head injury or heart attack.
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.

 

Side effects of nitroglycerin

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Dizziness: Do not drive or use any tools or machines until you are fully conscious.

Fast heart rate (heartbeat)

Headache: Use appropriate painkillers and drink plenty of water.

nausea

Skin allergies (if you are using the patch type), hot flashes and redness

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of nitroglycerin.

 

Nitroglycerin overdose (drug poisoning)

Do not take more nitroglycerin than your doctor prescribes.

If you feel that someone has had asbutolol poisoning and symptoms such as a slow heartbeat, vision change, severe nausea and vomiting, sweating, cold or wet skin, bruising of the fingers, toes and lips, shortness of breath, fainting and weakness ( If you see him leaving, call the emergency room immediately.

 

Storage conditions of nitroglycerin

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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