Raccon eyes brain injury

Raccon eyes brain injury


Have you ever heard the term raccoon eye?

Do you know the connection between brain and skull injuries and raccoon eyes?

What is the meaning of raccoon eyes in medicine?

What causes raccoon eyes to cause brain and skull problems?

What are the symptoms associated with raccoon eyes following brain and skull injuries?

What are the side effects of a person suffering from raccoon eye following brain and skull injuries?

What side effects can it experience?

What is the diagnosis and treatment of people with raccoon eyes?


What you will read next:



What causes raccoon eyes?

What are the symptoms of raccoon eyes?

Can a raccoon eye cause unwanted side effects?

How is a raccoon eye diagnosed?






If we want to use the medical term raccoon eyes, we must use the term pre-orbital ecchymosis. This condition is actually bruising and dullness and discoloration around the eyes of the affected person.

The blood has accumulated around the eyes and caused this bruising. Raccoon eyes are a warning of an sometimes very dangerous and serious underlying cause that must be diagnosed and treated in a timely manner.


What causes raccoon eyes?

Accidents with base fractures commonly cause raccoon eyes.


  • The first cause

Base fractures or the base of the skull are the most common cause of raccoon eyes. These fractures include the bone fractures that make up the structure of our bony skull.

Temporal bones, Occipital bone, Sphenoid bone, Ethmoid bone, These fractures occur due to accidents and blows to the skull, such as accidents with motor vehicles, falls, sports injuries.

It is important to note that fractures in these areas are not only detected by X-rays, and can sometimes be missed and ignored.


  • The second cause


Craniotomies are surgeries in which the skull is opened.

In fact, during craniotomy, the surgeon removes the part of the skull that is in contact with the brain, then the skull piece is placed on the brain tissue after treatment, but if this process causes bleeding, the possibility of raccoon eyes in the person undergoing surgery is very high.


  • The third reason

Facial fractures:

People who have broken thin bones around their eyes for some reason, such as a punch or an accident, Or those who have experienced a broken nose, a broken cheekbone, a broken bone in the eyeball, and may experience a raccoon eye due to bleeding..


  • The fourth reason


Amyloidosis is a condition in which an abnormal protein is made in the body. This abnormal protein is called amyloid, which can be made in different parts of the body. When amyloid deposition occurs in the walls of blood vessels, especially thin and narrow vessels, the vessel wall becomes weak. And a person with amyloidosis may have ruptured blood vessels due to abnormal amyloid protein deposition in the walls of their arteries with a simple process, a simple pressure and increased pressure on the head and neck, and even rubbing the eyes, causing hemorrhage around the eyes.


  • The fifth reason


Neuroblastoma is one of the rare cases that can cause raccoon eyes.

This tumor originates from nerve tissue cells associated with the autonomic sympathetic nervous system and often occurs in infants and young children.


  • The sixth reason

After rhinoplasty:

Rhinoplasty is very common. This method is used to improve the appearance of the nose as well as to improve the respiratory function of the nose.

Rhinoplasty can also cause raccoon eyes.

Apart from the above, which were more common, here are some other reasons for Raccoon eyes:

  • Allergies
  • Leukemia
  • Anaplastic rhabdomyosarcoma
  • anemia
  • Strokes
  • Platelet deficiency
  • Sinusitis
  • A variety of cosmetic surgeries on the head and face as well as orbital myositis
  • And light chain deposition disease


What are the signs and symptoms of raccoon eyes?

Swelling of the eyelids, Redness of the eyes, Needle bleeding on the surface of the eyes and skin,

Changes in the senses, such as changes in vision, decreased sense of smell, decreased hearing, high blood pressure, changes in heart rate. The similar pattern of bruising under the eyes appears behind a person's ears and has a special title.

The important point is that in cases where the infant and child have neuroblastoma, the accompanying symptoms should be dilated pupils, bloody and inflamed red eyes, and bone pain that may sometimes accompany the tumor.


side effects

Can a raccoon eye cause unwanted side effects?

The answer is yes. Lack of control of facial muscles, numbness of the face, Accumulation of blood in the eyeball itself, Spinal cord fluid leakage and cranial bone abnormalities, Bone abnormalities, the transmission of infection to brain tissue, the most important of which is meningitis.


How is a raccoon eye diagnosed?

CT scan often determines the cause of raccoon eyes. The doctor and the group of doctors perform additional physical examinations, imaging and additional tests according to the cause that caused the raccoon eye, among the physical examinations, eye movement tests, and imaging tests constitutes the most important part of the diagnosis, Which enables the physician to identify the underlying cause of raccoon eye non-invasively. The use of CT scans to capture skull images is generally required and is always recommended in a person with raccoon eyes.



Usually, raccoon eye does not need treatment and in fact what is very important is the cause of raccoon eye, so the focus in a person with raccoon eye, going to the emergency room is to identify the cause of this condition.

when skull fractures are present, For example, a person has been diagnosed with a raccoon is following a fall by accident or secondary after a craniotomy and opening the skull during surgery, treatment may include surgery.

If these primary or secondary fractures cause rupture and damage to the meninges, surgery and treatment of the underlying cause is usually performed. When neuroblastoma is the cause of raccoon eyes, specific treatment for this tumor will be given. When a person has amyloidosis, treatment involves reducing its amount in the bloodstream.

Doctors consider meningitis to be very important in people who suffer from raccoon eyes due to skull injuries, and they must prevent its occurrence. Cosmetic surgery should also be performed on people who have had deformed faces or skull bones so that they can easily open up to their community and social activities.

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