Sumatriptan

 

General English name: Sumatriptan

Brand: Imigran®, Migraitan

Application: Treatment of acute migraine attacks and cluster headaches

 

 

 

 

 

Forms of Sumatriptan

Sumatriptan drug information

Dosage and method of taking Sumatriptan

Contraindications to sumatriptan

Sumatriptan use during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of sumatriptan on driving and working with machines

Sumatriptan drug interactions

Special warnings and precautions while taking Sumatriptan

Side effects of sumatriptan

Sumatriptan overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of Sumatriptan

 

 

 

 

 

Forms of Sumatriptan

Tablets, effervescent tablets, nasal spray, solution for injection

 

 Sumatriptan drug information

It is thought that the activity of certain chemicals in the brain increases and as a result, wrong signals are sent to the parts of the brain that cause migraine symptoms. It is also not clear why these chemical changes occur in people with migraines. Many migraine attacks occur for no apparent reason, but in some people, factors such as drinking or certain foods may trigger the attack. Sumatriptan is used to prevent severe headaches such as migraines, cluster headaches and recurrent headaches.

Cluster headaches include severe unilateral attacks on the head. Typically, a number of attacks occur within a few weeks and then pass. Then another cluster headache attack may occur after weeks, months or years.

Sumatriptan belongs to a class of drugs called the 5HT1 receptor agonist (or the simple name triptan). Sumatriptan stimulates the receptors on a chemical in the brain called serotonin (or 5HT), thereby relieving migraine symptoms. Sumatriptan is prescribed to relieve migraine symptoms and cluster headaches.

 

Dosage and method of taking Sumatriptan

Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with this medicine. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.

The dose and amount of sumatriptan varies from person to person depending on your illness; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.

Two doses of sumatriptan tablets (50 and 100 mg), one injection dose (6 mg / 0.5 ml) and one nasal spray (10 mg) are available.

The injectable form of the drug is usually prescribed for people with cluster headaches.

Sumatriptan injections, sprays or tablets are prescribed for people with migraines.

Try to take your doses at the same time each day and at the regular hour.

If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time but soon forget, take the medicine; But if you remember when the next dose is near the hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.

 

Contraindications to sumatriptan

Pay attention to the expiration date of your Sumatriptan medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.

Never give your sumatriptan to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.

Check for Sumatriptan drug interactions, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Sumatriptan use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of sumatriptan on driving and working with machines

Sumatriptan can make you feel tired and drowsy, so make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

 Sumatriptan drug interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Sumatriptan can cause serious drug interactions with MAO inhibitors, which can even lead to death, including MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobem Do not use phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine. Most MAO inhibitors should not be used until 2 weeks before and after starting Antacapone.

If you take other drugs that increase serotonin, your risk of developing serotonin syndrome or toxicity increases. Examples of these drugs are MDMA or "ecstasy", St. John's wort, certain antidepressants (including SSRIs such as fluoxetine / paroxetine, SNRIs such as duloxetine). (duloxetine) / venlafaxine).

If you are taking any ergotamine (such as dihydroergotamine) or other triptanes (such as zolmitriptan, rizatriptan), you should monitor your dose of sumatriptan with your doctor and take a large dose of Do not take this medicine as it will cause serious side effects.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking Sumatriptan

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best to let your doctor know the following before taking this medicine:

  • If you are over 65 or under 18 years old.
  • If you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • If you have heart problems or angina, or if you have recently had a heart attack.
  • If you have high blood pressure.
  • If you have a circulatory problem (called peripheral arterial disease).
  • If you have kidney or liver problems.
  • If you have ever had a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke).
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine (especially sulfonamide antibiotics such as cotrimoxazole and sulfadiazine).
  • If you are currently taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.

 

Side effects of sumatriptan

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some side effects go away shortly after taking sumatriptan. In case of persistent side effects, the doctor should be informed:

Feeling heavy in the throat and chest

Feeling sick, indigestion, abdominal pain

Feeling tired, dizzy, drowsy

Feeling hungry, feeling hot or cold, pain, high blood pressure

Bitter taste (if using nasal spray) and injection site reactions (if using injection)

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to your use of Sumatriptan.

 

Sumatriptan overdose (drug poisoning)

Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.

 

Storage conditions of Sumatriptan

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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