Tenofovir disoproxil


General English name: Tenofovir disoproxil

Brand: Viread, Truvada, Atripla, Eviplera

Application: AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Infection (HIV) and Hepatitis B





Pharmacological information of tenofovir disoproxil

Contraindications Tenofovir disoproxil

Drug interaction of tenofovir disoproxil

Tips to consider before taking tenofovir

Possible side effects of tenofovir disoproxil

How to store tenofovir disoproxil






Pharmacological information of tenofovir disoproxil

Medication Information: Tenofovir is an antiviral drug. Tenofovir disoproxil is used to treat two types of viral infections (Acquired Immune Deficiency Infection (HIV) and Hepatitis B). In HIV infection, tenofovir disoproxil slows the progression of the infection, but it is not used to treat HIV. HIV kills CD4 T cells in the body. These are important white blood cells because they play a role in protecting the body against infection. If left untreated, HIV weakens the body's immune system, so that the body can not defend itself against bacteria, viruses and other germs.

Tenopovir disoproxyl belongs to a group of antiretroviral (antiretroviral) drugs called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). Tenofovir, along with a number of other antiviral drugs, is prescribed as part of combination therapy. Some brands of tenofovir disoproxil tablets also contain other antiviral drugs. Combination drugs such as Truvada (tenofovir with ametricitabine), Atripla (tenofovir with amtricitabine and efavirenz), and Eviplera (tenofovir with amitricitabine and rilpivirine) can help you take fewer medications during the day.

Hepatitis B is a virus that is transmitted through the bloodstream to the liver, where it causes inflammation and damage. After infection with hepatitis B, a small number of infected people develop chronic hepatitis B infection and need treatment to reduce the activity of the virus. Chronic hepatitis B treatment takes several years and requires a combination of antiviral drugs.

Tenofovir disoproxil reduces the number of viruses in the body by stopping the virus from multiplying and helps to improve the immune system. This reduces the risk of complications related to HIV or hepatitis B infection in the patient. This medicine will be prescribed by a specialist doctor.


Contraindications Tenofovir disoproxil

• Pay attention to the expiration date of the medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.

Never give the medicine to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.

• Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor, because you will have low blood sugar.

Check for drug interactions and be sure to tell your doctor what other medications you are taking.


Drug interaction of tenofovir disoproxil

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter medicines and herbal products) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Do not use tenofovir disoproxil with other medicines that contain tenofovir.

Some other medications used to treat HIV infection (including atazanavir atazanavir) may also interact with tenofovir. Tenofovir can reduce the effectiveness of atazanavir (by lowering blood levels). If you are taking atazanavir with tenofovir, you may need another medicine (ritonavir). Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details. Your doctor will prescribe your medication and review your treatment to reduce side effects.


Tips to consider before taking tenofovir

Some medications can not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed. Therefore, it is best to let your doctor know the following before taking this medicine:

• If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.

• If you have kidney or liver problems.

• If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.

• If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.


Possible side effects of tenofovir disoproxil

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of continuous occurrence of any side effects, the physician should be informed:

Common side effects: Diarrhea, headache, feeling sick, abdominal pain, bloating, indigestion

Complications that occur in 1 in 10 people: feeling tired and weak, feeling dizzy, skin rash, diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating or wind, changes in blood test results, headache, feeling sick

Important Note: Your doctor will talk to you about the possibility of lactic acidosis. Tell your doctor immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:

Feeling sick, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, rapid breathing or shortness of breath

Talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms that you think may be caused by this medicine.


How to store tenofovir disoproxil

• Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

• Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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