Warthin's tumor

Warthin's tumor

 

What is Warthin’s Tumor?

What are the symptoms of a benign parathyroid tumor?

Next, we want to talk about one of the benign salivary gland tumors called Warthin’s tumor and how does Warthin’s Tumor manifest and how is it diagnosed and what are the treatments?

Diagnostic and therapeutic measures are required for Warthin’s Tumor.

 

What you will read next:

 

Introduction: Salivary gland tumor

Human salivary glands types and structures

What is Warthin’s Tumor?

Epidemiology

Characteristics of Warthin’s Tumor

What are the risk factors for Warthin’s Tumor?

What are the other names for Warthin’s Tumor?

Diagnosis

treatment

What is the prognosis of Warthin’s Tumor?

 

 

 

Introduction: Salivary gland tumor

Human salivary glands are one of the most common internal organs of the body. The salivary glands are very famous for the frequency of different types of tumors. Salivary glands, like any part of the body, are composed of cells that can become tumors and form salivary gland tumors. salivary gland tumors include a wide range of benign and malignant types.

An important point is that the larger the salivary gland, that is, the main function of salivary secretion, the higher the chance of developing a benign Warthin’s Tumor compared to a smaller salivary gland. 

If you have a tumor, you are more likely to get a benign tumor in the larger salivary glands.

For example, we can say that if we compare the salivary glands of the parotid gland with the tumor of the smaller salivary glands under the tongue, inside the oral cavity, under the jaw and sub-salivary glands, we can say that the chances of developing benign parotid tumors are higher than smaller salivary gland tumors.

As almost all cases of Warthin’s Tumor are found in the parotid gland.

Warthin’s Tumor is a benign tumor of the (large) salivary glands, so according to the above description, the parotid gland is much more likely to develop Warthin’s Tumor than other types of smaller salivary glands. 

 

Human salivary glands types and structures

Salivary glands are considered as exocrine glands in humans. Salivary glands are the three main pairs and the second group is called sub-salivary glands.

Salivary glands have secretory parts and ducts.

Both the secretory part and the duct can have different types of Structure.

The salivary glands will initiate the digestive process in the mouth.

The salivary glands secrete water and enzymes, and because of the secreted enzyme, food becomes softer and digestion is faster.

So the salivary glands are divided into two categories

The main salivary glands, which are themselves three pairs

Parotid or eardrum

Sublingual or sublingual

Sub mandibular or submandibular

And

The second category is the salivary glands, which are scattered under the oral mucosa.

 

What is Warthin’s Tumor?

It is a benign tumor of the salivary glands that is more common in women

And it is likely to be bilateral.

Smoking is a risk factors for Warthin’s Tumor.

Larger salivary glands, such as the parotid gland, are much more likely to develop a Warthin’s Tumor than small salivary glands.

 

Epidemiology

Warthin’s Tumor is said to be the second most common parotid tumor in terms of prevalence, accounting for approximately 4% to 25% of all cases of salivary gland tumors.

Interestingly, the incidence of this tumor is lower in blacks.

According to scientific sources, almost all Warthin’s Tumor occur in the parotid glands. Warthin’s Tumor are more common in women and non-black races.

 

Characteristics of Warthin’s Tumor

Warthin’s Tumor is a benign large salivary gland tumor that is very common in smokers as well as in non-black women in their 6th and 7th decades of life.

The tumor can appear bilaterally, ie. can affect both sides at the same time, and can first appear on one side and then on the other. However, studies have not yet determined whether there is a genetic or hereditary link in the development of this tumor, especially of the bilateral type.

 

What are the risk factors for Warthin’s Tumor?

  • Being a woman in terms of gender
  • In terms of races, non-black races
  • In terms of ages, 6th and 7th decades of life
  • Being a smoker
  • Have a history of exposure to radiation
  • Radiotherapy

 

What are the other names for Warthin’s Tumor?

adenolymphoma or

papillary lymphomatous cystadenoma

 

Diagnosis

The presence of a non-painful bulge in the front of the ear may suggest a possible diagnosis of Warthin’s tumor at the parotid gland. In addition to the above clinical manifestations, which lead to a detailed history and more detailed examinations, physicians usually use the following paraclinical modalities to confirm a possible diagnosis and rule out other possibilities and differential diagnoses.

From the Diagnostic Assistance Modalities, we can refer to simple X-ray imaging of salivary glands.

This method is called pyelogram or sialogram.

In addition, the doctor may request a scan or MRI, depending on the circumstances, and in some cases a biopsy of suspected salivary glands may be required.

 

treatment

If the tumor is small and the appearance does not cause problems for the person, and does not have compressive effects on the arteries and nerves around the site, it should be closely monitored and examined, and changes in tumor size should be monitored by a physician. In larger tumors, surgery is generally required to remove the tumor.

Because Warthin’s Tumor is almost always benign, additional treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy are usually very rare after surgery.

 

What is the prognosis of Warthin’s Tumor?

the prognosis for people with a Warthin’s Tumor is generally good. The tumor can be almost benign and almost always completely cured by surgery. The risk of tumor recurrence is about two or less than two percent.

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All Rights Reserved © By MarsoClinic

Terms of Use