Tolcapone

 

General English name: Tolcapone

Brand: Tasmar

Application: Parkinson's disease

 

 

 

Tolcapone medicinal forms

Tolcapone Drug Information

Dosage and method of taking tolcapone

Contraindications to the use of tolcapone

Tolcapone during pregnancy and lactation

Impact of Tulkapon on driving and working with machines

Tolcapone Drug Interactions

Special warnings and precautions while taking Tolcapone

Side effects of tolcapone

Tolcapone overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of Tolcapone

 

 

 

Tolcapone medicinal forms

Tablet

 

 Tolcapone Drug Information

Parkinson's disease affects the way the brain coordinates with muscle movements. In this disease, a number of cells in the corpus luteum of the brain (subsentence negra) are damaged and die. These brain cells (dopaminergic neurons) transmit the message from the nerves to the spinal cord by producing a chemical called dopamine, which controls the movement of the body's muscles. When these brain cells are damaged, the amount of dopamine produced decreases.The combination of a decrease in brain cells and low levels of dopamine in the cells of this part of the brain causes slow and abnormal nerve signals to the muscles, which are the main symptoms of Parkinson's disease, namely stiffness, tremors and slowness of movement. Tolcapone is prescribed with other medicines such as Co Carl Dopa or Co Bennel Dopa to treat Parkinson's disease and reduce its symptoms.

Co Carl Dupa or Co Benel Dopa contains levodopa, which helps reduce the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Levodopa is converted to dopamine in the brain, which increases dopamine levels in your brain and helps control movement. Tolcapone increases the effectiveness of levodopa in Co Carl Dopa or Co Benel Dopa, which is why it is prescribed in combination with other drugs to treat Parkinson's.

 

Dosage and method of taking tolcapone

Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with tolcapone. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.

The dose and amount of tolcapone varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. The dose of the drug is prescribed according to the individual's illness and symptoms.

Take the medicine regularly and at a set time.

You can take the medicine before or after a meal.

If you forget to take your daily dose of tolcapone at the right time but soon forget to take it; But if you remember much later than usual, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.

 

Contraindications to the use of tolcapone

Note the expiration date of tolcapone and do not take it if your medicine has expired.

Never give tolcapone to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.

Check for drug interactions with tolcapone, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

Talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Tolcapone during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. This medicine can have harmful effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

Impact of Tulkapon on driving and working with machines

Tulcapone causes dizziness and drowsiness. You should make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

 Tolcapone Drug Interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Other drugs that may interact with tolcapone include antipsychotics (such as chlorpromazine, haloperidol, thioridazine), and specific medications for treating high blood pressure (such as methyl dopa, reserpine).

Tulcapone interacts severely with MAO inhibitors, which can even lead to death, along with MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobem Do not use phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine. Most MAO inhibitors should not be used until 2 weeks before and after starting tolcapone.

If medications or hypnotics such as alcohol, certain antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anxiety medications (such as diazepam and zolpidem), muscle relaxants, painkillers, Be sure to tell your doctor if you are taking painkillers (such as codeine) and psychiatric medications (eg, risperidone, trazodone).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or colds and cough medicines) because most of their ingredients cause drowsiness. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about taking these medicines.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking Tolcapone

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best to let your doctor know the following before taking this medicine:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
  • If you have liver and kidney problems.
  • If you have an adrenal tumor.
  • If you have a mental problem.
  • If you have malignant neuroleptic syndrome.
  • If you have a muscle disease
  • If you have dyskinesia (involuntary movements of the face and other parts of the body).
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.

 

Side effects of tolcapone

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Indigestion, abdominal pain, nausea, feeling sick: Drink plenty of water to replenish lost water; Eat simple foods and avoid spicy and high-fat foods.

Dizziness, drowsiness and fatigue: Avoid driving and working with tools in these situations.

Headache: Ask your doctor to prescribe a suitable painkiller.

Decreased appetite, sleep problems, hallucinations, abnormal dreams: Consult your doctor if any of these are a problem.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to the use of tolcapone.

 

Tolcapone overdose (drug poisoning)

Do not take Tulcapone more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.

 

Storage conditions of Tolcapone

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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