Anxiety

Anxiety and stress have become part of our lives these days. We all face stressful situations regularly either at work, home, school or when we are at university. Therefore, knowing the factors that cause our anxiety and familiarizing ourselves with stress management techniques and treatment methods are necessary for all of us. Understanding anxiety and learning to control and manage stress can help us to have a better and happier life.

Of course, having some level of anxiety is necessary for our success at work and school by helping us to be more organized and on time. However, if this anxiety reaches a level that disrupts our normal activity and performance, it can become harmful. What you will read:

 

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

What are the types of anxiety?

How to deal with common daily stresses?

When should we see a doctor?

What are the types of treatments used in anxiety disorders?

Acute stress disorder (ASD)

 

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

Anxiety can have lots of symptoms such as:

  • Constantly being worried about something
  • Inability to rest properly
  • Being messy
  • Permanent fatigue
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Irritability
  • Feeling drowsy
  • Raised heartbeat (without heart disease)
  • Unusual but constant fears
  • Avoid socializing 
  • Fear of humiliation in front of others
  • Constant worry about being judged by others
  • Fear of the future
  • Feeling nauseous accompanied with vomiting 
  • Getting angry quickly when dealing with other people

 

What are the types of anxiety?

Different types of anxieties are:

  • Pervasive anxiety disorder
  • Post-accident stress disorder
  • Practical obsession
  • Social phobia
  • Agoraphobia (fear of open environments)
  • Special phobias
  • Animal phobia
  • Height phobia
  • Closed space phobia
  • Phobia of getting on the elevator
  • Dental phobia
  • Blood phobia
  • Airplane phobia
  • Panic disorder

Each of the above cases has its own definitions and characteristics which we will discuss them in detail in future articles.

If you are one of those people who does not enjoy the life because of being under stress constantly, this anxiety will soon get you tired which will make you angry even with the slightest word, a kind of stress called anxiety disorder. You should know you are not alone. This type of anxiety is common among people.

How to deal with common daily stresses?

The following methods can be helpful in dealing with most normal daily stress situations:

  • Talk to a trusted person
  • Take a bath
  • Take a deep breath
  • Use focusing techniques

When should we see a doctor?

It is important to see a doctor in cases where the level of anxiety is too high that it has seriously disrupted your daily routines and life.

What are the types of treatments used in anxiety disorders?

Below are the main types of treatments used by most doctors to treat anxiety disorders:

  1. Medication

  2. Non-pharmacological treatments

Treatments using drugs:

Some of the most common drugs used for anxiety treatment are:

  • Sertraline
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Paroxetine
  • Benzodiazepines
  • ...

Non-pharmacological treatments:

Non-pharmacological treatments may include:

  • Relaxation
  • Flooding
  • Desensitization
  • Modeling
  • Stop thoughts

Acute stress disorder (ASD)

Today, a new term called acute stress disorder has been added to all types of anxiety. This disorder is characterized by acute stress reactions that occur within one month after the anxious event. ESD is very much associated with the occurrence of (PTSD) in the future, so diagnosis and treatment of ASD is very important.

What events can cause ASD?

Multiple reasons can cause ASD including but not limited to: 

  • Death of a loved one
  • Threatening to die
  • Serious injury
  • Natural disaster
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Assault and rape
  • Having an incurable disease
  • Survival after an accident and severe injury

 

 

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