difference between uti and yeast infection

difference between uti and yeast infection

 

What is the difference between UTI or urinary tract infection and vaginal fungal infections?

How are urinary tract infections diagnosed?

How are vaginal fungal infections diagnosed and what are the symptoms?

What is the difference between treating a urinary tract infection and treating a fungal infection?

If you are one of those people who want to know the differences between urinary tract infections and genital fungal infections, we recommend that you read more.

 

Introduction

Urinary tract infection

What is a urinary tract infection?

Why do we get a urinary tract infection?

What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?

Risk factors

What are the complications of a urinary tract infection?

How is a urinary tract infection diagnosed?

Treatment of urinary tract infection

Fungal infections of the genital tract or genital infections with yeast

What are the symptoms of a fungal infection in women?

What causes a vaginal fungal infection?

Risk factors for vaginal fungal infections

Diagnosis

treatment

 

 

Introduction

You may have heard of many names for urinary tract infections or UTIs, as well as fungal infections of the genitals or yeast infections of the genitals in both men and women .You may think that these two types of infections are the same, but in fact these infections will have fundamental differences in symptoms, causes, as well as diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we are going to address these differences.

 

Urinary tract infection

First, in this section, we will define urinary tract infections, the causes of urinary tract infections, diagnose urinary tract infections, and also treat these infections or UTIs, so we will study the following sections together.

 

What is a urinary tract infection?

One of the most common problems related to the bladder, kidneys and urinary tract is urinary tract infections, which doctors call UTI for short.

These infections cause microbes and bacteria to enter the urinary tract and cause infections in various parts of the system. This infection can cause serious damage to the bladder and kidneys in the long run.

Another name for urinary tract infection is urethritis. Fungi and bacteria can be the cause if the infection itself affects the urethra.

Do not treat yourself arbitrarily when you see the symptoms of UTIs, Because arbitrary and unscientific treatment will perpetuate the infection and spread the infection to higher parts of the urinary system such as the bladder and kidneys, and will lead to more serious complications.

 

Why do we get a urinary tract infection?

One of the main causes of urinary tract infections is incomplete urination.

People with urinary incontinence who have bladder problems that cause their urine to drip out periodically and incompletely are more likely to get bacteria into their urethra. Urinary incontinence is much higher in the elderly and people with spinal cord injuries than in the rest of society.

These people are more at risk for urinary tract infections.

Other causes of urinary tract infections include lack of personal hygiene and not changing the order of underwear in people. Poor hygiene and unsanitary underwear cause colonies of bacteria to form at the entrance to the urethra, enter it, and spread to the upper urinary tract.

Women are more likely than men to have a urinary tract infection due to their gender distribution. This difference is due to the anatomical structure of the female body, which in the external genitalia of women is closer to the place of defecation. Therefore, intestinal bacteria are more likely to enter the urinary tract of women.

The length of the urethra in women is shorter and its position is horizontal, and these make women more prone to UTI than men.

Menopausal women are at higher risk for urinary tract infections due to a decrease in estrogen in their bodies. Menopausal women also experience more severe urinary tract infection symptoms.

Another thing that causes you to get a urinary tract infection more than others is not drinking enough water during the day. As the body becomes dehydrated, the volume of urine produced by the kidneys decreases, this reduction in urination provides a breeding ground for infectious agents in the urinary system.

 

What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?

In this section, we want to deal with the symptoms of urinary tract infections or the symptoms of UTI.

 

These symptoms are as follows:

A very common symptom in a person with a urinary tract infection is frequent urination. But sometimes this disorder and this infection affect the person with the least manifestation.

Therefore, it cannot be diagnosed by symptoms alone, and a test is definitely needed to estimate the presence or absence of this disease.

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include the following:

  • Urinary incontinence
  • Pain and discomfort when urinating
  • Pelvic pain especially in women
  • Decreased urine volume
  • Stinky urine
  • Discoloration of urine and its pinkness and browning
  • The presence of blood in the urine
  • Foamy urine
  • Feeling of incomplete urination

 

Risk factors

The structure of the urinary tract is such that it usually prevents bacteria from entering, but sometimes these infectious agents cross this defense barrier and enter the urinary system through the urethra after entering the bladder and then the kidneys. The use of contraceptives by women increases the risk of infectious diseases of the urinary system as well as:

  • kidney stone
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Abnormalities and urinary tract problems
  • Weak immune system
  • And drink less water

They are considered risk factors for urinary tract infections.

 

What are the complications of a urinary tract infection?

Now the question arises that if UTI is not diagnosed in time and is not treated in time and correctly, does it pose a danger to us?

If left untreated, it can become a recurrent infection and come to you every once in a while. Women who have recurrent infections

They should be monitored by a doctor for a longer period of time and treated for an infection. Left untreated, this disease is dangerous in children and can cause serious kidney damage in the long run. Any type of UTI in pregnant women should be treated.

 

How is a urinary tract infection diagnosed?

When you experience urinary incontinence and the symptoms presented above and you encounter bloody and dark urine, you will see a doctor. Your doctor will order a blood test as well as a urine test and culture to detect the presence of UTI and to treat it quickly if there is an infection.

 

Treatment of urinary tract infection

Once the urinalysis tests are done and the results are given. Treatment of your urinary tract infection begins with the right antibiotics. Proper treatment and completion of the treatment period will prevent the infection from spreading and its complications, but if you do not become aware of the infection and do not seek treatment, the infection will spread to the bladder and kidneys.

 

It can also spread the infection to the bloodstream, cause blood poisoning, and have dangerous side effects, including sometimes fatal infectious shocks.

You have found that the main treatment for urinary tract infections is antibiotics.

Depending on the history of the disease, antibiotics and its duration are determined. The patient may have pain and burning when urinating. In these cases, the doctor uses special painkillers to relieve the painful condition.

In these cases, you should not stop the medication arbitrarily (by relieving and reducing the severity of the symptoms), and in order to achieve effective and complete treatment, it is necessary to take the medication according to the doctor's prescription for a few weeks. In cases where the urinary tract infection is very severe or urinary tract infection has occurred in pregnant women, the patient may need to be hospitalized to receive injectable antibiotics.

Now that we are fully acquainted with the subject of urinary tract infections, it is better to go on to describe fungal infections of the genital tract.

To be able to make a correct comparison of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of these two completely different cases.

 

Fungal infections of the genital tract or genital infections with yeast

Yeast and a fungus called Candida albicans can cause a fungal infection that is associated with burning, irritation, and itching of the vagina and vaginal opening tissue. This type of vaginal inflammation is called fungal vaginitis or vaginal candidiasis. Three out of four women get this fungal infection during their lifetime.

The infection is not said to be a sexually transmitted disease, but it has been shown that the fungus can be transmitted through oral contact or contact with the genital area.

 

What are the symptoms of a fungal infection in women?

Gynecological fungal vaginitis or vaginal candidiasis can cause a wide range of symptoms. Symptoms can range from mild to moderate. Also people like :

  • Women with uncontrolled diabetes
  • Women with weakened immune systems
  • Women with a history of antibiotic use
  • Women taking oral contraceptives

 

They usually experience severe and recurrent vaginal fungal infections.

 

Symptoms of candidiasis include:

  • Vaginal pain and burning
  • Vaginal sores look like pimples
  • White, thick, watery, odorless vaginal discharge that gives the appearance of cheese
  • Redness and swelling of the vagina and labia
  • Feeling of burning and pain during intercourse
  • Or burning sensation when urinating
  • Also itching and burning and discomfort in the vaginal tissue

 

A phrase among physicians titled "Complex Fungal Infections"; causes more severe symptoms, such as:

  • Excessive redness
  • Severe inflammation and itching that is accompanied by pain as well as crying
  • Or a person who has had a fungal infection at least four times in twelve months
  • A woman who is pregnant and has a fungal infection during pregnancy
  • Or a woman with a weak immune system
  • Women with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • Or infection by other types of candida

 

What causes a vaginal fungal infection?

Overgrowth of yeast fungi in the vagina causes fungal infections of the vagina. Among the things that stimulate this overgrowth are the following:

  • Weakened immune system
  • Taking birth control pills
  • Hormone therapies that increase the body's estrogen
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Pregnancy and the use of strong antibiotics

 

These changes the normal texture of the vagina and make the vaginal environment suitable for overgrowth and proliferation of yeast.

Candida albicans is the most common yeast fungus that causes fungal infections of the genital tract. Common treatments that usually cover this fungus If these treatments do not respond well, there may be other fungal vaginitis or fungal urethritis that will be more difficult to treat than other fungi.

Women who are not sexually active may also develop a vaginal fungal infection.

 

Risk factors for vaginal fungal infections

Risk factors include:

  • Weak immune system
  • Sexual activity Although this infection is not a sexually transmitted disease, repeated sexual contact can spread the fungus.
  • Women with uncontrolled diabetes are at higher risk
  • Any factor that raises estrogen levels in a woman's body
  • Arbitrary use of antibiotics

 

Diagnosis

  • History and answers to questions about medication history
  • History of recent illness
  • History of antibiotics and so on
  • View External Genitalia
  • Physical eczema or a two-fingered vaginal examination is also commonly performed

 

After a clinical examination, your doctor will remove a sample from your vaginal discharge and send the sample to a lab for testing. The sample is cultured in the laboratory and also viewed directly under a microscope to detect organisms that are abnormally secreted.

Because the symptoms of fungal vaginitis overlap with the symptoms of many more serious diseases and infections, such as sexually transmitted diseases, not only is positive fungal culture beneficial for the cause of the symptoms, Instead, the secretion should be examined under a microscope and the absence of dangerous microorganisms should be observed and other more serious causes should be ruled out.

 

treatment

Despite the high prevalence of this infection and it affects even women without sexual activity, we must say that using antifungal drugs that are applied topically in the vaginal area, including creams and suppositories containing clotrimazole, this can be well Controlled infection.

Your doctor may prescribe a single oral dose of fluconazole, an antifungal pill. The important point is that, firstly, topical medications reduce the effectiveness of latex condoms, and secondly, fluconazole is contraindicated in pregnant women.

In cases of complex or severe fungal infections, you may have to take oral antifungal pills for several months, but only with a doctor's prescription and not arbitrarily.

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Phone: +1(647)303 0740

All Rights Reserved © By MarsoClinic

Terms of Use